Significant results in energy saving and emission reduction
The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to energy conservation and emission reduction, and regard energy conservation and emission reduction as an important starting point for adjusting economic structure, transforming development methods, coping with climate change, and promoting scientific development, and proposes that the energy consumption per unit of GDP in the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” will be reduced by about 20%. A binding indicator that reduces the total discharge of major pollutants by 10%. The State Council set up a leading group for energy conservation and emission reduction, issued a comprehensive work plan for energy conservation and emission reduction, made decisions on strengthening energy conservation work, adopted responsibility for strengthening objectives, adjusted industrial structure, implemented key projects, promoted technological progress, strengthened policy incentives, and strengthened supervision. A series of powerful policy measures, such as management and implementation of national action, have made painstaking efforts and achieved remarkable results in energy conservation and emission reduction. During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, the national energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 19.1%, the national sulfur dioxide emissions decreased by 14.29%, and the national chemical oxygen demand emissions decreased by 12.45%. The target tasks identified in the “Outline of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan” were completed. . The effectiveness of energy saving and emission reduction is mainly reflected in six aspects:
First, it provides strong support for maintaining stable and rapid economic development. During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, China’s annual growth rate of energy consumption of 6.6% supported the national economy’s annual growth rate of 11.2%. The energy consumption elasticity coefficient decreased from 1.04 to 0.59 during the “Tenth Five-Year Plan” period, alleviating energy supply and demand. contradiction.
The second is to reverse the momentum of energy consumption intensity and pollutant emissions in China's industrialization and urbanization accelerated development stage. In the three years after the 10th Five-Year Plan, the national energy consumption per unit of GDP increased by 9.8%. The total emissions of sulfur dioxide and chemical oxygen demand in the country increased by 32.3% and 3.5% respectively. During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, the national energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased. 19.1%, the total amount of sulfur dioxide and chemical oxygen demand in the country decreased by 14.29% and 12.45%, respectively.
The third is to promote structural optimization and upgrading. The proportion of advanced production capacity in key industries has been significantly improved, and large-scale and high-efficiency equipment has been promoted and applied. Compared with 2005, the proportion of thermal power generating units in the power industry of 300 MW or more accounted for 47% of thermal power installed capacity, and the proportion of large blast furnaces above 1000 cubic meters in the steel industry increased from 21% to 34%. The electrolytic aluminum industry is large. The proportion of prebaked trough production increased from 80% to 90%, and the proportion of new dry process cement clinker production in the building materials industry increased from 56.4% to 72.2%.
The fourth is to promote the progress of energy-saving technology. The energy consumption per unit of major products in key industries has dropped significantly, and the overall level of energy efficiency has been improved. Compared with 2005, the coal consumption of thermal power supply decreased from 370 g/kWh to 340 g/kWh, a decrease of 8.11%; the comprehensive energy consumption per ton of steel decreased from 694 kg of standard coal to 615 kg of standard coal, a decrease of 11.4. %; comprehensive energy consumption of cement decreased by 16.77%; comprehensive energy consumption of ethylene decreased by 9.04%; comprehensive energy consumption of synthetic ammonia decreased by 7.96%; comprehensive energy consumption of electrolytic aluminum decreased by 10.06%.
Fifth, the environmental quality has improved. According to the air quality monitoring of 113 key environmental protection cities, the proportion of cities that reached the secondary standard in 2009 increased from 42.5% in 2005 to 67.3%; the proportion of water quality in the surface water control section fell from 27% in 2005 to 18.4. %; the proportion of the national control section of the seven major water systems is better than that of the three categories from 41% in 2005 to 57.3%.
Sixth, it has made important contributions to addressing global climate change. The “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” has improved energy efficiency, reduced energy consumption by 630 million tons of standard coal, and reduced carbon dioxide emissions by 1.46 billion tons. It has been widely praised by the international community and reflects the image of my responsible big country.
These achievements are achieved when China’s economic growth rate is much higher than expected, the growth of high-energy-consuming industries is too fast, the trend of industrial heavy-duty has not changed, and the international financial crisis has been overcome, and natural disasters such as snow and ice and earthquakes have been overcome. What is achieved is really hard to come by.